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The Illinois Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act (the “UCCJEA”)

Illinois UCCJEA 
 
(A) has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child-custody proceeding; and
(B) has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this State.Sec. 106. Effect Of Child-Custody Determination.
(14) “Physical custody” means the physical care and supervision of a child.
(15) “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(16) “Tribe” means an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan Native village, which is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.
(17) “Warrant” means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child.
§ 750 ILCS 36/103. Proceedings Governed By Other Law
Sec. 103. Proceedings Governed By Other Law.
This Act does not govern an adoption proceeding or a proceeding pertaining to the authorization of emergency medical care for a child.
 
§ 750 ILCS 36/104. Application To Indian Tribes
Sec. 104. Application To Indian Tribes.
(a) A child-custody proceeding that pertains to an Indian child as defined in the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. 1901 et seq., is not subject to this Act to the extent that it is governed by the Indian Child Welfare Act.
(b) A court of this State shall treat a tribe as if it were a state of the United States for the purpose of applying Articles 1 and 2.
(c) A child-custody determination made by a tribe under factual circumstances in substantial conformity with the jurisdictional standards of this Act must be recognized and enforced under Article 3.
§ 750 ILCS 36/105. International Application Of Act
Sec. 105. International Application Of Act.
(a) A court of this State shall treat a foreign country as if it were a state of the United States for the purpose of applying Articles 1 and 2.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), a child-custody determination made in a foreign country under factual circumstances in substantial conformity with the jurisdictional standards of this Act must be recognized and enforced under Article 3.
(c) A court of this State need not apply this Act if the child custody law of a foreign country violates fundamental principles of human rights.
§ 750 ILCS 36/106. Effect Of Child-Custody Determination
 
A child-custody determination made by a court of this State that had jurisdiction under this Act binds all persons who have been served in accordance with the laws of this State or notified in accordance with Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108] or who have submitted to the jurisdiction of the court, and who have been given an opportunity to be heard. As to those persons, the determination is conclusive as to all decided issues of law and fact except to the extent the determination is modified.Sec. 110. Communication Between Courts.
§ 750 ILCS 36/107. Priority
Sec. 107. Priority.
If a question of existence or exercise of jurisdiction under this Act is raised
in a child-custody proceeding, the question, upon request of a party, must be given priority on the calendar and handled expeditiously.
 
§ 750 ILCS 36/108. Notice To Persons Outside State
Sec. 108. Notice To Persons Outside State.
(a) Notice required for the exercise of jurisdiction when a person is outside this State may be given in a manner prescribed by the law of this State
for service of process or by the law of the state in which the service is made. Notice must be given in a manner reasonably calculated to give actual notice but may be by publication if other means are not effective.
(b) Proof of service may be made in the manner prescribed by the law of this State or by the law of the state in which the service is made.
(c) Notice is not required for the exercise of jurisdiction with respect to a person who submits to the jurisdiction of the court.
§ 750 ILCS 36/109. Appearance And Limited Immunity
Sec. 109. Appearance And Limited Immunity.
(a) A party to a child-custody proceeding, including a modification proceeding, or a petitioner or respondent in a proceeding to enforce or
register a child-custody determination, is not subject to personal jurisdiction in this State for another proceeding or purpose solely by reason of having participated, or of having been physically present for the purpose of participating, in the proceeding.
(b) A person who is subject to personal jurisdiction in this State on a basis other than physical presence is not immune from service of process in this State. A party present in this State who is subject to the jurisdiction of another state is not immune from service of process allowable under the laws of that state.
(c) The immunity granted by subsection (a) does not extend to civil litigation based on acts unrelated to the participation in a proceeding under this Act committed by an individual while present in this State.
§ 750 ILCS 36/110. Communication Between Courts
 
(a) A court of this State may communicate with a court in another state concerning a proceeding arising under this Act.
(b) The court may allow the parties to participate in the communication. If the parties are not able to participate in the communication, they must be given the opportunity to present facts and legal arguments before a decision on jurisdiction is made.
(c) Communication between courts on schedules, calendars, court records, and similar matters may occur without informing the parties. A record need not be made of the communication.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), a record must be made of a communication under this Section. The parties must be informed promptly of the communication and granted access to the record.
(e) For the purposes of this Section, “record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
§ 750 ILCS 36/111. Taking Testimony In Another State
Sec. 111. Taking Testimony In Another State.
(a) In addition to other procedures available to a party, a party to a child-custody proceeding may offer testimony of witnesses who are located in
another state, including testimony of the parties and the child, by deposition or other means allowable in this State for testimony taken in another state. The court on its own motion may order that the testimony of a person be taken in another state and may prescribe the manner in which and the terms upon which the testimony is taken.
(b) A court of this State may permit an individual residing in another state to be deposed or to testify by telephone, audiovisual means, or other electronic means before a designated court or at another location in that state. A court of this State shall cooperate with courts of other states in designating an appropriate location for the deposition or testimony.
(c) Documentary evidence transmitted from another state to a court of this State by technological means that do not produce an original writing may not be excluded from evidence on an objection based on the means of transmission.
§ 750 ILCS 36/112. Cooperation Between Courts; Preservation Of Records
Sec. 112. Cooperation Between Courts; Preservation Of Records.
(a) A court of this State may request the appropriate court of another state to:
(1) hold an evidentiary hearing;
(2) order a person to produce or give evidence pursuant to procedures of that state;
(3) order that an evaluation be made with respect to the custody of a child involved in a pending proceeding;
(4) forward to the court of this State a certified copy of the transcript of the record of the hearing, the evidence otherwise presented, and any evaluation prepared in compliance with the request; and
(5) order a party to a child-custody proceeding or any person having physical custody of the child to appear in the proceeding with or without the child.

 

(b) Upon request of a court of another state, a court of this State may hold a hearing or enter
an order described in subsection (a).
(c) Travel and other necessary and reasonable expenses incurred under subsections (a) and
(b) may be assessed against the parties according to the law of this State.
(d) A court of this State shall preserve the pleadings, orders, decrees, records of hearings,
evaluations, and other pertinent records with respect to a child-custody proceeding until the child
attains 18 years of age. Upon appropriate request by a court or law enforcement official of
another state, the court shall forward a certified copy of those records.
§ 750 ILCS 36/201. Initial Child-Custody Jurisdiction
Sec. 201. Initial Child-Custody Jurisdiction. (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 204
[750 ILCS 36/204], a court of this State has jurisdiction to make an initial child-custody
determination only if:
(1) this State is the home state of the child on the date of the commencement of the
proceeding, or was the home state of the child within six months before the commencement of
the proceeding and the child is absent from this State but a parent or person acting as a parent
continues to live in this State;
(2) a court of another state does not have jurisdiction under paragraph (1), or a court of the
home state of the child has declined to exercise jurisdiction on the ground that this State is the
more appropriate forum under Section 207 or 208 [750 ILCS 36/207 or 750 ILCS 36/208], and:
(A) the child and the child’s parents, or the child and at least one parent or a person acting
as a parent, have a significant connection with this State other than mere physical presence; and
(B) substantial evidence is available in this State concerning the child’s care, protection,
training, and personal relationships;
(3) all courts having jurisdiction under paragraph (1) or (2) have declined to exercise
jurisdiction on the ground that a court of this State is the more appropriate forum to determine
the custody of the child under Section 207 or 208 [750 ILCS 36/207 or 750 ILCS 36/208]; or
(4) no court of any other state would have jurisdiction under the criteria specified in
paragraph (1), (2), or (3).
(b) Subsection (a) is the exclusive jurisdictional basis for making a child-custody
determination by a court of this State.
(c) Physical presence of, or personal jurisdiction over, a party or a child is not necessary or
sufficient to make a child-custody determination.
§ 750 ILCS 36/202. Exclusive, Continuing Jurisdiction
Sec. 202. Exclusive, Continuing Jurisdiction. (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 204
[750 ILCS 36/204], a court of this State which has made a child-custody determination
consistent with Section 201 or 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 or 750 ILCS 36/203] has exclusive,
continuing jurisdiction over the determination until:
(1) a court of this State determines that neither the child, the child’s parents, and any person
acting as a parent do not have a significant connection with this State and that substantial

 

 

evidence is no longer available in this State concerning the child’s care, protection, training, and
personal relationships; or
(2) a court of this State or a court of another state determines that the child, the child’s
parents, and any person acting as a parent do not presently reside in this State.
(b) A court of this State which has made a child-custody determination and does not have
exclusive, continuing jurisdiction under this Section may modify that determination only if it has
jurisdiction to make an initial determination under Section 201 [750 ILCS 36/201].
§ 750 ILCS 36/203. Jurisdiction To Modify Determination
Sec. 203. Jurisdiction To Modify Determination. Except as otherwise provided in Section 204
[750 ILCS 36/204], a court of this State may not modify a child-custody determination made by
a court of another state unless a court of this State has jurisdiction to make an initial
determination under Section 201(a)(1) or (2) [750 ILCS 36/201] and:
(1) the court of the other state determines it no longer has exclusive, continuing jurisdiction
under Section 202 [750 ILCS 36/202] or that a court of this State would be a more convenient
forum under Section 207 [750 ILCS 36/207]; or
(2) a court of this State or a court of the other state determines that the child, the child’s
parents, and any person acting as a parent do not presently reside in the other state.
§ 750 ILCS 36/204. Temporary Emergency Jurisdiction
Sec. 204. Temporary Emergency Jurisdiction. (a) A court of this State has temporary
emergency jurisdiction if the child is present in this State and the child has been abandoned or it
is necessary in an emergency to protect the child because the child, or a sibling or parent of the
child, is subjected to or threatened with mistreatment or abuse.
(b) If there is no previous child-custody determination that is entitled to be enforced under
this Act and a child-custody proceeding has not been commenced in a court of a state having
jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203], a
child-custody determination made under this Section remains in effect until an order is obtained
from a court of a state having jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201
through 750 ILCS 36/203]. If a child-custody proceeding has not been or is not commenced in a
court of a state having jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through
750 ILCS 36/203], a child-custody determination made under this Section becomes a final
determination, if it so provides and this State becomes the home state of the child.
(c) If there is a previous child-custody determination that is entitled to be enforced under this
Act, or a child-custody proceeding has been commenced in a court of a state having jurisdiction
under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203], any order issued
by a court of this State under this Section must specify in the order a period that the court
considers adequate to allow the person seeking an order to obtain an order from the state having
jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203]. The
order issued in this State remains in effect until an order is obtained from the other state within
the period specified or the period expires.

 

 

(d) A court of this State which has been asked to make a child-custody determination under
this Section, upon being informed that a child-custody proceeding has been commenced in, or a
child-custody determination has been made by, a court of a state having jurisdiction under
Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203], shall immediately
communicate with the other court. A court of this State which is exercising jurisdiction pursuant
to Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203], upon being informed
that a child-custody proceeding has been commenced in, or a child-custody determination has
been made by, a court of another state under a statute similar to this Section shall immediately
communicate with the court of that state to resolve the emergency, protect the safety of the
parties and the child, and determine a period for the duration of the temporary order.
§ 750 ILCS 36/205. Notice; Opportunity To Be Heard; Joinder
Sec. 205. Notice; Opportunity To Be Heard; Joinder. (a) Before a child-custody determination
is made under this Act, notice and an opportunity to be heard in accordance with the standards of
Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108] must be given to all persons entitled to notice under the law of
this State as in child-custody proceedings between residents of this State, any parent whose
parental rights have not been previously terminated, and any person having physical custody of
the child.
(b) This Act does not govern the enforceability of a child-custody determination made
without notice or an opportunity to be heard.
(c) The obligation to join a party and the right to intervene as a party in a child-custody
proceeding under this Act are governed by the law of this State as in child-custody proceedings
between residents of this State.
§ 750 ILCS 36/206. Simultaneous Proceedings
Sec. 206. Simultaneous Proceedings. (a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 204 [750
ILCS 36/204], a court of this State may not exercise its jurisdiction under this Article if, at the
time of the commencement of the proceeding, a proceeding concerning the custody of the child
has been commenced in a court of another state having jurisdiction substantially in conformity
with this Act, unless the proceeding has been terminated or is stayed by the court of the other
state because a court of this State is a more convenient forum under Section 207 [750 ILCS
36/207].
(b) Except as otherwise provided in Section 204 [750 ILCS 36/204], a court of this State,
before hearing a child-custody proceeding, shall examine the court documents and other
information supplied by the parties pursuant to Section 209 [750 ILCS 36/209]. If the court
determines that a child-custody proceeding has been commenced in a court in another state
having jurisdiction substantially in accordance with this Act, the court of this State shall stay its
proceeding and communicate with the court of the other state. If the court of the state having
jurisdiction substantially in accordance with this Act does not determine that the court of this
State is a more appropriate forum, the court of this State shall dismiss the proceeding.
(c) In a proceeding to modify a child-custody determination, a court of this State shall
determine whether a proceeding to enforce the determination has been commenced in another

 

 

state. If a proceeding to enforce a child-custody determination has been commenced in another
state, the court may:
(1) stay the proceeding for modification pending the entry of an order of a court of the other
state enforcing, staying, denying, or dismissing the proceeding for enforcement;
(2) enjoin the parties from continuing with the proceeding for enforcement; or
(3) proceed with the modification under conditions it considers appropriate.
§ 750 ILCS 36/207. Inconvenient Forum
Sec. 207. Inconvenient Forum. (a) A court of this State which has jurisdiction under this Act to
make a child-custody determination may decline to exercise its jurisdiction at any time if it
determines that it is an inconvenient forum under the circumstances and that a court of another
state is a more appropriate forum. The issue of inconvenient forum may be raised upon motion of
a party, the court’s own motion, or request of another court.
(b) Before determining whether it is an inconvenient forum, a court of this State shall
consider whether it is appropriate for a court of another state to exercise jurisdiction. For this
purpose, the court shall allow the parties to submit information and shall consider all relevant
factors, including:
(1) whether domestic violence has occurred and is likely to continue in the future and which
state could best protect the parties and the child;
(2) the length of time the child has resided outside this State;
(3) the distance between the court in this State and the court in the state that would assume
jurisdiction;
(4) the relative financial circumstances of the parties;
(5) any agreement of the parties as to which state should assume jurisdiction;
(6) the nature and location of the evidence required to resolve the pending litigation,
including testimony of the child;
(7) the ability of the court of each state to decide the issue expeditiously and the procedures
necessary to present the evidence; and
(8) the familiarity of the court of each state with the facts and issues in the pending litigation.
(c) If a court of this State determines that it is an inconvenient forum and that a court of
another state is a more appropriate forum, it shall stay the proceedings upon condition that a
child-custody proceeding be promptly commenced in another designated state and may impose
any other condition the court considers just and proper.
(d) A court of this State may decline to exercise its jurisdiction under this Act if a child-
custody determination is incidental to an action for divorce or another proceeding while still
retaining jurisdiction over the divorce or other proceeding.
§ 750 ILCS 36/208. Jurisdiction Declined By Reason Of Conduct
Sec. 208. Jurisdiction Declined By Reason Of Conduct. (a) Except as otherwise provided in
Section 204 [750 ILCS 36/204] or by other law of this State, if a court of this State has
jurisdiction under this Act because a person seeking to invoke its jurisdiction has engaged in
unjustifiable conduct, the court shall decline to exercise its jurisdiction unless:

 

 

(1) the parents and all persons acting as parents have acquiesced in the exercise of
jurisdiction;
(2) a court of the state otherwise having jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750
ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203] determines that this State is a more appropriate forum
under Section 207 [750 ILCS 36/207]; or
(3) no court of any other state would have jurisdiction under the criteria specified in Sections
201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201 through 750 ILCS 36/203].
(b) If a court of this State declines to exercise its jurisdiction pursuant to subsection (a), it
may fashion an appropriate remedy to ensure the safety of the child and prevent a repetition of
the unjustifiable conduct, including staying the proceeding until a child-custody proceeding is
commenced in a court having jurisdiction under Sections 201 through 203 [750 ILCS 36/201
through 750 ILCS 36/203].
(c) If a court dismisses a petition or stays a proceeding because it declines to exercise its
jurisdiction pursuant to subsection (a), it shall assess against the party seeking to invoke its
jurisdiction necessary and reasonable expenses including costs, communication expenses,
attorney’s fees, investigative fees, expenses for witnesses, travel expenses, and child care during
the course of the proceedings, unless the party from whom fees are sought establishes that the
assessment would be clearly inappropriate. The court may not assess fees, costs, or expenses
against this State unless authorized by law other than this Act.
§ 750 ILCS 36/209. Information To Be Submitted To Court
Sec. 209. Information To Be Submitted To Court. (a) Subject to any other law providing for
the confidentiality of procedures, addresses, and other identifying information, in a child-custody
proceeding, each party, in its first pleading or in an attached affidavit, shall give information, if
reasonably ascertainable, under oath as to the child’s present address or whereabouts, the places
where the child has lived during the last five years, and the names and present addresses of the
persons with whom the child has lived during that period. The pleading or affidavit must state
whether the party:
(1) has participated, as a party or witness or in any other capacity, in any other proceeding
concerning the custody of or visitation with the child and, if so, identify the court, the case
number, and the date of the child-custody determination, if any;
(2) knows of any proceeding that could affect the current proceeding, including proceedings
for enforcement and proceedings relating to domestic violence, protective orders, termination of
parental rights, and adoptions and, if so, identify the court, the case number, and the nature of the
proceeding; and
(3) knows the names and addresses of any person not a party to the proceeding who has
physical custody of the child or claims rights of legal custody or physical custody of, or
visitation with, the child and, if so, the names and addresses of those persons.
(b) If the information required by subsection (a) is not furnished, the court, upon motion of a
party or its own motion, may stay the proceeding until the information is furnished.
(c) If the declaration as to any of the items described in subsection (a)(1) through (3) is in the
affirmative, the declarant shall give additional information under oath as required by the court.
The court may examine the parties under oath as to details of the information furnished and other
matters pertinent to the court’s jurisdiction and the disposition of the case.

 

 

(d) Each party has a continuing duty to inform the court of any proceeding in this or any
other state that could affect the current proceeding.
(e) (Blank).
§ 750 ILCS 36/210. Appearance Of Parties And Child
Sec. 210. Appearance Of Parties And Child. (a) In a child-custody proceeding in this State, the
court may order a party to the proceeding who is in this State to appear before the court in person
with or without the child. The court may order any person who is in this State and who has
physical custody or control of the child to appear in person with the child.
(b) If a party to a child-custody proceeding whose presence is desired by the court is outside
this State, the court may order that a notice given pursuant to Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108]
include a statement directing the party to appear in person with or without the child and
informing the party that failure to appear may result in a decision adverse to the party.
(c) The court may enter any orders necessary to ensure the safety of the child and of any
person ordered to appear under this Section.
(d) If a party to a child-custody proceeding who is outside this State is directed to appear
under subsection (b) or desires to appear personally before the court with or without the child,
the court may require another party to pay reasonable and necessary travel and other expenses of
the party so appearing and of the child.
§ 750 ILCS 36/301. Definitions
Sec. 301. Definitions. In this Article:
(1) “Petitioner” means a person who seeks enforcement of an order for return of a child under
the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a
child-custody determination.
(2) “Respondent” means a person against whom a proceeding has been commenced for
enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of
International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child-custody determination.
§ 750 ILCS 36/302. Enforcement Under Hague Convention
Sec. 302. Enforcement Under Hague Convention. Under this Article a court of this State may
enforce an order for the return of the child made under the Hague Convention on the Civil
Aspects of International Child Abduction as if it were a child-custody determination.
§ 750 ILCS 36/303. Duty To Enforce
Sec. 303. Duty To Enforce. (a) A court of this State shall recognize and enforce a child-custody
determination of a court of another state if the latter court exercised jurisdiction in substantial
conformity with this Act or the determination was made under factual circumstances meeting the

 

 

jurisdictional standards of this Act and the determination has not been modified in accordance
with this Act.
(b) A court of this State may utilize any remedy available under other law of this State to
enforce a child-custody determination made by a court of another state. The remedies provided
in this Article are cumulative and do not affect the availability of other remedies to enforce a
child-custody determination.
§ 750 ILCS 36/304. Temporary Visitation
Sec. 304. Temporary Visitation. (a) A court of this State which does not have jurisdiction to
modify a child-custody determination, may issue a temporary order enforcing:
(1) a visitation schedule made by a court of another state; or
(2) the visitation provisions of a child-custody determination of another state that does not
provide for a specific visitation schedule.
(b) If a court of this State makes an order under subsection (a)(2), it shall specify in the order
a period that it considers adequate to allow the petitioner to obtain an order from a court having
jurisdiction under the criteria specified in Article 2. The order remains in effect until an order is
obtained from the other court or the period expires.
§ 750 ILCS 36/305. Registration Of Child-Custody Determination
Sec. 305. Registration Of Child-Custody Determination. (a) A child-custody determination
issued by a court of another state may be registered in this State, with or without a simultaneous
request for enforcement, by sending to the circuit court in this State:
(1) a letter or other document requesting registration;
(2) two copies, including one certified copy, of the determination sought to be registered, and
a statement under penalty of perjury that to the best of the knowledge and belief of the person
seeking registration the order has not been modified; and
(3) except as otherwise provided in Section 209 [750 ILCS 36/209], the name and address of
the person seeking registration and any parent or person acting as a parent who has been awarded
custody or visitation in the child-custody determination sought to be registered.
(b) On receipt of the documents required by subsection (a), the registering court shall:
(1) cause the determination to be filed as a foreign judgment, together with one copy of any
accompanying documents and information, regardless of their form; and
(2) serve notice upon the persons named pursuant to subsection (a)(3) and provide them with
an opportunity to contest the registration in accordance with this Section.
(c) The notice required by subsection (b)(2) must state that:
(1) a registered determination is enforceable as of the date of the registration in the same
manner as a determination issued by a court of this State;
(2) a hearing to contest the validity of the registered determination must be requested within
20 days after service of notice; and
(3) failure to contest the registration will result in confirmation of the child-custody
determination and preclude further contest of that determination with respect to any matter that
could have been asserted.

 

 

(d) A person seeking to contest the validity of a registered order must request a hearing
within 20 days after service of the notice. At that hearing, the court shall confirm the registered
order unless the person contesting registration establishes that:
(1) the issuing court did not have jurisdiction under Article 2;
(2) the child-custody determination sought to be registered has been vacated, stayed, or
modified by a court having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2; or
(3) the person contesting registration was entitled to notice, but notice was not given in
accordance with the standards of Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108], in the proceedings before the
court that issued the order for which registration is sought.
(e) If a timely request for a hearing to contest the validity of the registration is not made, the
registration is confirmed as a matter of law and the person requesting registration and all persons
served must be notified of the confirmation.
(f) Confirmation of a registered order, whether by operation of law or after notice and
hearing, precludes further contest of the order with respect to any matter that could have been
asserted at the time of registration.
§ 750 ILCS 36/306. Enforcement Of Registered Determination
Sec. 306. Enforcement Of Registered Determination. (a) A court of this State may grant any
relief normally available under the law of this State to enforce a registered child-custody
determination made by a court of another state.
(b) A court of this State shall recognize and enforce, but may not modify, except in
accordance with Article 2, a registered child-custody determination of a court of another state.
§ 750 ILCS 36/307. Simultaneous Proceedings
Sec. 307. Simultaneous Proceedings. If a proceeding for enforcement under this Article is
commenced in a court of this State and the court determines that a proceeding to modify the
determination is pending in a court of another state having jurisdiction to modify the
determination under Article 2, the enforcing court shall immediately communicate with the
modifying court. The proceeding for enforcement continues unless the enforcing court, after
consultation with the modifying court, stays or dismisses the proceeding.
§ 750 ILCS 36/308. Expedited Enforcement Of Child-Custody Determination
Sec. 308. Expedited Enforcement Of Child-Custody Determination. (a) A petition under this
Article must be verified. Certified copies of all orders sought to be enforced and of any order
confirming registration must be attached to the petition. A copy of a certified copy of an order
may be attached instead of the original.
(b) A petition for enforcement of a child-custody determination must state:
(1) whether the court that issued the determination identified the jurisdictional basis it relied
upon in exercising jurisdiction and, if so, what the basis was;

 

 

(2) whether the determination for which enforcement is sought has been vacated, stayed, or
modified by a court whose decision must be enforced under this Act and, if so, identify the court,
the case number, and the nature of the proceeding;
(3) whether any proceeding has been commenced that could affect the current proceeding,
including proceedings relating to domestic violence, protective orders, termination of parental
rights, and adoptions and, if so, identify the court, the case number, and the nature of the
proceeding;
(4) the present physical address of the child and the respondent, if known;
(5) whether relief in addition to the immediate physical custody of the child and attorney’s
fees is sought, including a request for assistance from law enforcement officials and, if so, the
relief sought; and
(6) if the child-custody determination has been registered and confirmed under Section 305
[750 ILCS 36/305], the date and place of registration.
(c) Upon the filing of a petition, the court shall issue an order directing the respondent to
appear in person with or without the child at a hearing and may enter any order necessary to
ensure the safety of the parties and the child. The hearing must be held on the next judicial day
after service of the order unless that date is impossible. In that event, the court shall hold the
hearing on the first judicial day possible. The court may extend the date of hearing at the request
of the petitioner.
(d) An order issued under subsection (c) must state the time and place of the hearing and
advise the respondent that at the hearing the court will order that the petitioner may take
immediate physical custody of the child and the payment of fees, costs, and expenses under
Section 312 [750 ILCS 36/312], and may schedule a hearing to determine whether further relief
is appropriate, unless the respondent appears and establishes that:
(1) the child-custody determination has not been registered and confirmed under Section 305
[750 ILCS 36/305] and that:
(A) the issuing court did not have jurisdiction under Article 2;
(B) the child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought has been vacated,
stayed, or modified by a court having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2;
(C) the respondent was entitled to notice, but notice was not given in accordance with the
standards of Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108], in the proceedings before the court that issued the
order for which enforcement is sought; or
(2) the child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought was registered and
confirmed under Section 304 [750 ILCS 36/304], but has been vacated, stayed, or modified by a
court of a state having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2.
§ 750 ILCS 36/309. Service Of Petition And Order
Sec. 309. Service Of Petition And Order. Except as otherwise provided in Section 311 [750
ILCS 36/311], the petition and order must be served, by any method authorized by the law of this
State, upon respondent and any person who has physical custody of the child.
§ 750 ILCS 36/310. Hearing And Order

 

 

Sec. 310. Hearing And Order. (a) Unless the court issues a temporary emergency order
pursuant to Section 204 [750 ILCS 36/204], upon a finding that a petitioner is entitled to
immediate physical custody of the child, the court shall order that the petitioner may take
immediate physical custody of the child unless the respondent establishes that:
(1) the child-custody determination has not been registered and confirmed under Section 305
[750 ILCS 36/305] and that:
(A) the issuing court did not have jurisdiction under Article 2;
(B) the child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought has been vacated,
stayed, or modified by a court of a state having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2; or
(C) the respondent was entitled to notice, but notice was not given in accordance with the
standards of Section 108 [750 ILCS 36/108], in the proceedings before the court that issued the
order for which enforcement is sought; or
(2) the child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought was registered and
confirmed under Section 305 [750 ILCS 36/305] but has been vacated, stayed, or modified by a
court of a state having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2.
(b) The court shall award the fees, costs, and expenses authorized under Section 312 [750
ILCS 36/312] and may grant additional relief, including a request for the assistance of law
enforcement officials, and set a further hearing to determine whether additional relief is
appropriate.
(c) If a party called to testify refuses to answer on the ground that the testimony may be self-
incriminating, the court may draw an adverse inference from the refusal.
(d) A privilege against disclosure of communications between spouses and a defense of
immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or parent and child may not be invoked
in a proceeding under this Article.
§ 750 ILCS 36/311. Warrant To Take Physical Custody Of Child
Sec. 311. Warrant To Take Physical Custody Of Child. (a) Upon the filing of a petition seeking
enforcement of a child-custody determination, the petitioner may file a verified application for
the issuance of a warrant to take physical custody of the child if the child is immediately likely to
suffer serious physical harm or be removed from this State.
(b) If the court, upon the testimony of the petitioner or other witness, finds that the child is
imminently likely to suffer serious physical harm or be removed from this State, it may issue a
warrant to take physical custody of the child. The petition must be heard on the next judicial day
after the warrant is executed unless that date is impossible. In that event, the court shall hold the
hearing on the first judicial day possible. The application for the warrant must include the
statements required by Section 308(b) [750 ILCS 36/308].
(c) A warrant to take physical custody of a child must:
(1) recite the facts upon which a conclusion of imminent serious physical harm or removal
from the jurisdiction is based;
(2) direct law enforcement officers to take physical custody of the child immediately; and
(3) provide for the placement of the child pending final relief.
(d) The respondent must be served with the petition, warrant, and order immediately after the
child is taken into physical custody.

 

 

(e) A warrant to take physical custody of a child is enforceable throughout this State. If the
court finds on the basis of the testimony of the petitioner or other witness that a less intrusive
remedy is not effective, it may authorize law enforcement officers to enter private property to
take physical custody of the child. If required by exigent circumstances of the case, the court
may authorize law enforcement officers to make a forcible entry at any hour.
(f) The court may impose conditions upon placement of a child to ensure the appearance of
the child and the child’s custodian.
§ 750 ILCS 36/312. Costs, Fees, And Expenses
Sec. 312. Costs, Fees, And Expenses. (a) The court shall award the prevailing party, including
a state, necessary and reasonable expenses incurred by or on behalf of the party, including costs,
communication expenses, attorney’s fees, investigative fees, expenses for witnesses, travel
expenses, and child care during the course of the proceedings, unless the party from whom fees
or expenses are sought establishes that the award would be clearly inappropriate.
(b) The court may not assess fees, costs, or expenses against a state unless authorized by law
other than this Act.
§ 750 ILCS 36/313. Recognition And Enforcement
Sec. 313. Recognition And Enforcement. A court of this State shall accord full faith and credit
to an order issued by another state and consistent with this Act which enforces a child-custody
determination by a court of another state unless the order has been vacated, stayed, or modified
by a court having jurisdiction to do so under Article 2.
§ 750 ILCS 36/314. Appeals
Sec. 314. Appeals. An appeal may be taken from a final order in a proceeding under this
Article in accordance with expedited appellate procedures which are or may be established by
Supreme Court Rule. Unless the court enters a temporary emergency order under Section 204
[750 ILCS 36/204], the enforcing court may not stay an order enforcing a child-custody
determination pending appeal.
§ 750 ILCS 36/315. Role Of State’s Attorney
Sec. 315. Role Of State’s Attorney. (a) In a case arising under this Act or involving the Hague
Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, the State’s Attorney or other
appropriate public official may take any lawful action, including resort to a proceeding under this
Article or any other available civil proceeding to locate a child, obtain the return of a child, or
enforce a child-custody determination if there is:
(1) an existing child-custody determination;
(2) a request to do so from a court in a pending child-custody proceeding;

 

 

(3) a reasonable belief that a criminal statute has been violated; or
(4) a reasonable belief that the child has been wrongfully removed or retained in violation of
the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
(b) A State’s Attorney or appropriate public official acting under this Section acts on behalf
of the court and may not represent any party.
§ 750 ILCS 36/316. Role Of Law Enforcement
Sec. 316. Role Of Law Enforcement. At the request of a State’s Attorney or other appropriate
public official acting under Section 315 [750 ILCS 36/315], a law enforcement officer may take
any lawful action reasonably necessary to locate a child or a party and assist a State’s Attorney or
appropriate public official with responsibilities under Section 315 [750 ILCS 36/315].
§ 750 ILCS 36/317. Costs And Expenses
Sec. 317. Costs And Expenses. If the respondent is not the prevailing party, the court may
assess against the respondent all direct expenses and costs incurred by the State’s Attorney or
other appropriate public official and law enforcement officers under Section 315 or 316 [750
ILCS 36/315 or 750 ILCS 36/316].
§ 750 ILCS 36/401. Application And Construction
Sec. 401. Application And Construction. In applying and construing this Uniform Act [750
ILCS 36/101 et seq.], consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law
with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.
§ 750 ILCS 36/402. Severability Clause
Sec. 402. Severability Clause. If any provision of this Act or its application to any person or
circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this
Act which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the
provisions of this Act are severable.
§ 750 ILCS 36/403. Effective Date
Sec. 403. Effective Date. This Act takes effect on January 1, 2004.

 

750 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 36/101 et seq.
 
§ 750 ILCS 36/101. Short Title
Sec. 101. Short Title. This Act may be cited as the Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act.
 
§ 750 ILCS 36/102. Definitions
Sec. 102. Definitions. In this Act:
(1) “Abandoned” means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.
(2) “Child” means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.
(3) “Child-custody determination” means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent, temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligation of an individual.
(4) “Child-custody proceeding” means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. The term includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from domestic violence, in which the issue may appear. The term does not include
a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation, or enforcement under Article 3.
(5) “Commencement” means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.
(6) “Court” means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child-custody determination.
(7) “Home state” means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child- custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary
absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.
(8) “Initial determination” means the first child-custody determination concerning a particular child.
(9) “Issuing court” means the court that makes a child-custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this Act.
(10) “Issuing state” means the state in which a child-custody determination is made.
(11) “Modification” means a child-custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.
(12) “Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity.
(13) “Person acting as a parent” means a person, other than a parent, who: